Basic Questions

RG Basics Course Exam Questions

Unit 1: Natural Law

Lesson 1: Agency & the Two Plans

  • Describe agency or “free will”.
  • What do we need in order to meaningfully and effectively exercise our agency, or free will?
  • What is agency or “free will”?
  • What is the primary difference between agency, or free will, and unalienable rights?

Lesson 2: Natural Law is God’s Law

  • Describe the relationship between God’s Law and Natural Law.
  • Does natural law give us the natural right to do anything that is morally wrong? Explain.
  • Does Natural Law give us the right to do anything that is morally wrong?
  • Fifth Principle: All things were created by God, therefore upon Him all mankind are equally __________________, and to Him they are equally ___________________.
  • First Principle: The only reliable basis for sound government and just human relations is _______________ Law.
  • Fourth Principle: Without ________________ the government of a free people cannot be maintained.
  • Ninth Principle: To protect man’s ___________, God has revealed certain principles of divine law.
  • What is natural law?
  • What is the proper relationship between religion and government?
  • What is the role of natural law in America?
  • What rights does natural law give us?
  • Who did the Founders study to understand Natural Law?

Lesson 3: Unalienable Rights

  • Eighth Principle: Men are endowed by their Creator with certain ___________________ rights.
  • Explain the meaning of “inalienable rights”.
  • Fourteenth Principle: Life and liberty are secure only so long as the right to _______________ is secure.
  • How would you describe unalienable rights to a child?
  • What are “vested rights”?
  • Where can we find and how can we identify our unalienable rights?
  • Where can we find and how can we identify specific inalienable rights?
  • Why are property rights so essential?

Lesson 4: Widespread Basic Beliefs

  • Why would the principles of Natural Law be acceptable to a nation with a broad spectrum of religious beliefs?

Unit 2: Human Nature

Lesson 1: The Founders’ View of Human Nature & Self Interest

  • How can self-interest be compatible with “public virtue,” as described in The 5,000 Year Leap Principle #2?
  • How could self-interest ever lead a person to make a sacrifice for others?
  • What are some differences between self-interest and greed or selfishness?
  • What are the three things all mankind is seeking?
  • What is self-interest and is it inherently immoral?
  • What is the free-rider problem?
  • What was the Founder’s understanding of human nature?

Lesson 2: Conservatism vs Liberalism

  • Can a person accurately be described as just a conservative or liberal? Why or why not?
  • Can a person be accurately described as just liberal or conservative?
  • How might the word liberal be used differently throughout countries with varying levels of freedom?
  • Imagine you saw a news article saying that a military helicopter crashed on an aircraft carrier. Describe and contrast a liberal vs a conservative reaction to that news.
  • In what ways are all people a mix of liberalism and conservatism?
  • Is a young child more likely to be liberal or conservative? Explain.
  • What is the original meaning of conservatism?
  • What is the original meaning of liberalism?
  • What makes someone more conservative or liberal?
  • What types of experiences will cause somebody to become more liberal or conservative?

Unit 3: Nature of Government

Lesson 1: Purpose of Governments and Constitutions

  • Describe the proper role of government regarding the establishment of “equality” in America.
  • Eighteenth Principle: The unalienable rights of the people are most likely to be preserved if the principles of government are set forth in a _________________ constitution.
  • How are constitutions different than laws that are passed by legislatures?
  • How can a government protect the family unit?
  • Is it safer to enumerate the powers of or limitations on government? Explain.
  • Many believe the government’s primary economic responsibility is to take from the ___________ and give to the ___________-________.
  • Nineteenth Principle: Only limited and carefully defined powers should be delegated to government, all others being retained in the ______________.
  • Seventh Principle: The proper role of government is to protect equal ___________, not provide equal ____________.
  • Twenty Sixth Principle: The core unit which determines the strength of any society is the _______________; therefore, the government should foster and protect its integrity.
  • What did the Founders think of forced “redistribution of wealth”?
  • What is the “central problem” of government according to H. Verlan Anderson?
  • What is the correct interpretation of “General Welfare”?
  • What is the proper role of government?
  • What is the purpose of a constitution?
  • What is the role of parents and families in America?
  • What kind of equality did the Founders seek to secure using the Constitution and Declaration of Independence?
  • What’s the difference between equality of outcome and equality of opportunity, or “equality before the law”?
  • Why is it so important for a state or nation to have a written constitution?

Lesson 2: Human Frailty and the Rule of Law

  • Thirteenth Principle: A constitution should be structured to __________________________ protect the people from the human frailties of their rulers.
  • Twenty Second Principle: A free people should be governed by law and not by the _____________ of men.
  • What is meant by “the rule of law”?

Lesson 3: Citizens’ Duties

  • Second Principle: A free people cannot survive under a republican constitution unless they remain virtuous and __________________ strong.
  • Why does self-government only work for moral and virtuous people?
  • Why were the Founders concerned about Americans’ ability to self-govern?
  • What is “Public Virtue”?
  • Why is it more effective to promote virtue through educating youth than by educating adults?
  • What is the relationship between religion and public and individual morality?
  • What authority do citizens have to establish standards of public morality?
  • What types of moral legislation are appropriate?
  • Who has the greatest influence in preserving the morality of the nation?
  • Who is primarily responsible for fueling the fires of virtue from generation to generation?
  • Twenty Third Principle: A free society cannot survive as a republic without a broad program of general ______________________.
  • What is the purpose of general, or publicly funded, education?
  • How should curriculum for the schools be chosen?
  • How should religious texts, such as the Bible, be used in the schools?
  • How can education be used to promote morality?
  • How would the Founders feel about using taxes to support classes which focus on preparing youth for specific careers?
  • According to the Northwest Ordinance, what subjects did the Founders want taught in schools?
  • How will the education system influence American culture and public policy?
  • What are the best ways to make schools effective?
  • Why do citizens have a responsibility to be informed voters?
  • What is the relationship between rights and duties?

Lesson 4: Majority Rule, Minority Rights

  • What are the limits of majority rule, minority rights?
  • Twentieth Principle: Efficiency and dispatch require government to operate according to the will of the majority, but constitutional provisions must be made to protect the rights of the ___________________.

Lesson 5: Political Leadership

  • ***What are the three qualities the scriptures and prophets teach us to expect of all political leaders? Please define them.
  • Describe the “short game” and “long game” in politics.
  • Explain the meaning of “good, wise, and honest”.
  • Third Principle: The most promising method of securing a virtuous and morally stable people is to elect ________________ leaders.
  • What is the purpose of the oath of office?
  • When a politician pledges their oath of office to uphold the Constitution, which version of the Constitution are they pledging to support?
  • Why does a limited government require good, wise, and honest leaders?

Unit 4: The Founders’ Political Spectrum

Lesson 1: The Founders’ Spectrum of Political Power

  • ***What are the differences between agency, or free will, and freedom?
  • Describe the Founders’ political spectrum.
  • Where would the Articles of Confederation fall on the Founders’ political spectrum?***
  • Why is the political spectrum used by the Founding Fathers superior to today’s spectrum?

Lesson 2: Ruler’s Law, People’s Law, and No Law

  • Eleventh Principle: The majority of the people may alter or abolish a government which has become _________________.
  • Sixth Principle: All men are created _____________.
  • Tenth Principle: The God given right to govern is vested in the sovereign authority of the ____________ people.
  • What is popular sovereignty?
  • What two peoples in history did the Founders say established this type of government?

Lesson 3: The Balanced Center & Liberty of the Soul

  • What is the difference between freedom and liberty?

Lesson 4: Political Extremes

  • Where did the Founding Fathers intend to place American government (the Constitution) on their new political spectrum?

Lesson 5: Types of Governments

  • Describe each type of government: monarchy/dictatorship, oligarchy, democracy, republic.
  • Describe the dangers and weaknesses of pure, direct democracy.
  • Twelfth Principle: The United States of America shall be a _____________________.
  • What is a republican form of government?
  • Why is our government considered a democratic republic?

Unit 5: God’s Hand in the Building of America

Lesson 1: God’s Hand in the Building of America

Lesson 2: America as a Base of Liberty

Lesson 3: Coming to America

Unit 6: Our Original Constitutional Government

  • What is the relationship between the Declaration of Independence and the US Constitution?

Lesson 1: Separation of Powers

  • Describe the differences between the roles of the House and Senate.
  • Describe the powers and responsibilities of the three branches of the federal government.
  • Explain how representatives and senators in Congress were originally elected. Why is this important?
  • Explain how some parts of our government were set up to incorporate the negative side of human nature.
  • Explain how some parts of our government were set up to incorporate the positive side of human nature.
  • Give examples of vertical and horizontal separation of powers.
  • How has political power been distributed in the United States?
  • How is our U.S. Constitution still relevant today?
  • How is the Founder’s understanding of human nature manifest in the U.S. Constitution?
  • In what ways is the American government based upon the concept of self-government?
  • What are some responsibilities of government that are most effectively executed by state or local governments?
  • What are some responsibilities of government that are most effectively executed by the federal government?
  • Why is it so important to “keep solutions local”?
  • Sixteenth Principle: The government should be separated into three branches: ________________, ___________________, and ______________________.
  • Twenty First Principle: Strong __________ self government is the keystone to preserving human freedom.

Lesson 2: Checks and Balances

  • How can the US Constitution be amended?
  • What checks and balances exist in the US Constitution?
  • Seventeenth Principle: A system of _____________ and _____________________ should be adopted to prevent the abuse of power.

Lesson 3: Other Principles of Successful Government

  • Describe the “Religion of America”.
  • What are the four economic freedoms that Adam Smith claimed are needed in order to successfully implement a free-market economy? Explain each.
  • What is the role of religion in America?
  • What surprised Alexis de Tocqueville about the different ways religion influenced politics in America compared to Europe?
  • Fifteenth Principle: The highest level of prosperity occurs when there is a free market economy and a ___________________ of government regulations.
  • Twenty Fourth Principle: A ________ people will not survive unless they stay strong.
  • Twenty Seventh Principle: The burden of __________ is as destructive to freedom as subjugation by conquest.
  • What are the four types of government intervention in the markets that have proven to be helpful to a free-market economy? Explain each.
  • What were the 3 important subjects the Founding Fathers expected the schools to teach?

Unit 7: America’s Manifest Destiny

Lesson 1: Manifest Destiny & Millennial Government

  • Twenty Fifth Principle: “Peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations _________________ alliances with none.”
  • “Happily for America, happily we trust for the ____________ human race, they pursued a __________ and more _____________ course. They accomplished a revolution
  • which has no parallel in the annals of human society. They reared the _______________ of governments which have no model on the face of the globe. They formed the
  • design of a great Confederacy, which it is incumbent on their _____________________ to ______________ and ________________________.” (James Madison, The Federalist
  • Papers, No. 14, pp. 104-105.)
  • Twenty Eighth Principle: The United States has a _________________ _________________ to be an example and a blessing to the entire human race.
  • What did the early colonists consider to be their American “manifest destiny”?
  • What is the difference between the Founders’ foreign policy of separatism and isolationism?

Lesson 2: Attacks on American Values

Lesson 3: The Future Healing of America