RG Basics Course Exam Questions
Unit 1: Natural Law
Lesson 1: Agency & the Two Plans
- Describe agency or “free will”.
- What do we need in order to meaningfully and effectively exercise our agency, or free will?
- What is agency or “free will”?
- What is the primary difference between agency, or free will, and unalienable rights?
Lesson 2: Natural Law is God’s Law
- Describe the relationship between God’s Law and Natural Law.
- Does natural law give us the natural right to do anything that is morally wrong? Explain.
- Does Natural Law give us the right to do anything that is morally wrong?
- Fifth Principle: All things were created by God, therefore upon Him all mankind are equally __________________, and to Him they are equally ___________________.
- First Principle: The only reliable basis for sound government and just human relations is _______________ Law.
- Fourth Principle: Without ________________ the government of a free people cannot be maintained.
- Ninth Principle: To protect man’s ___________, God has revealed certain principles of divine law.
- What is natural law?
- What is the proper relationship between religion and government?
- What is the role of natural law in America?
- What rights does natural law give us?
- Who did the Founders study to understand Natural Law?
Lesson 3: Unalienable Rights
- Eighth Principle: Men are endowed by their Creator with certain ___________________ rights.
- Explain the meaning of “inalienable rights”.
- Fourteenth Principle: Life and liberty are secure only so long as the right to _______________ is secure.
- How would you describe unalienable rights to a child?
- What are “vested rights”?
- Where can we find and how can we identify our unalienable rights?
- Where can we find and how can we identify specific inalienable rights?
- Why are property rights so essential?
Lesson 4: Widespread Basic Beliefs
- Why would the principles of Natural Law be acceptable to a nation with a broad spectrum of religious beliefs?
Unit 2: Human Nature
Lesson 1: The Founders’ View of Human Nature & Self Interest
- How can self-interest be compatible with “public virtue,” as described in The 5,000 Year Leap Principle #2?
- How could self-interest ever lead a person to make a sacrifice for others?
- What are some differences between self-interest and greed or selfishness?
- What are the three things all mankind is seeking?
- What is self-interest and is it inherently immoral?
- What is the free-rider problem?
- What was the Founder’s understanding of human nature?
Lesson 2: Conservatism vs Liberalism
- Can a person accurately be described as just a conservative or liberal? Why or why not?
- Can a person be accurately described as just liberal or conservative?
- How might the word liberal be used differently throughout countries with varying levels of freedom?
- Imagine you saw a news article saying that a military helicopter crashed on an aircraft carrier. Describe and contrast a liberal vs a conservative reaction to that news.
- In what ways are all people a mix of liberalism and conservatism?
- Is a young child more likely to be liberal or conservative? Explain.
- What is the original meaning of conservatism?
- What is the original meaning of liberalism?
- What makes someone more conservative or liberal?
- What types of experiences will cause somebody to become more liberal or conservative?
Unit 3: Nature of Government
Lesson 1: Purpose of Governments and Constitutions
- Describe the proper role of government regarding the establishment of “equality” in America.
- Eighteenth Principle: The unalienable rights of the people are most likely to be preserved if the principles of government are set forth in a _________________ constitution.
- How are constitutions different than laws that are passed by legislatures?
- How can a government protect the family unit?
- Is it safer to enumerate the powers of or limitations on government? Explain.
- Many believe the government’s primary economic responsibility is to take from the ___________ and give to the ___________-________.
- Nineteenth Principle: Only limited and carefully defined powers should be delegated to government, all others being retained in the ______________.
- Seventh Principle: The proper role of government is to protect equal ___________, not provide equal ____________.
- Twenty Sixth Principle: The core unit which determines the strength of any society is the _______________; therefore, the government should foster and protect its integrity.
- What did the Founders think of forced “redistribution of wealth”?
- What is the “central problem” of government according to H. Verlan Anderson?
- What is the correct interpretation of “General Welfare”?
- What is the proper role of government?
- What is the purpose of a constitution?
- What is the role of parents and families in America?
- What kind of equality did the Founders seek to secure using the Constitution and Declaration of Independence?
- What’s the difference between equality of outcome and equality of opportunity, or “equality before the law”?
- Why is it so important for a state or nation to have a written constitution?
Lesson 2: Human Frailty and the Rule of Law
- Thirteenth Principle: A constitution should be structured to __________________________ protect the people from the human frailties of their rulers.
- Twenty Second Principle: A free people should be governed by law and not by the _____________ of men.
- What is meant by “the rule of law”?
Lesson 3: Citizens’ Duties
- Second Principle: A free people cannot survive under a republican constitution unless they remain virtuous and __________________ strong.
- Why does self-government only work for moral and virtuous people?
- Why were the Founders concerned about Americans’ ability to self-govern?
- What is “Public Virtue”?
- Why is it more effective to promote virtue through educating youth than by educating adults?
- What is the relationship between religion and public and individual morality?
- What authority do citizens have to establish standards of public morality?
- What types of moral legislation are appropriate?
- Who has the greatest influence in preserving the morality of the nation?
- Who is primarily responsible for fueling the fires of virtue from generation to generation?
- Twenty Third Principle: A free society cannot survive as a republic without a broad program of general ______________________.
- What is the purpose of general, or publicly funded, education?
- How should curriculum for the schools be chosen?
- How should religious texts, such as the Bible, be used in the schools?
- How can education be used to promote morality?
- How would the Founders feel about using taxes to support classes which focus on preparing youth for specific careers?
- According to the Northwest Ordinance, what subjects did the Founders want taught in schools?
- How will the education system influence American culture and public policy?
- What are the best ways to make schools effective?
- Why do citizens have a responsibility to be informed voters?
- What is the relationship between rights and duties?
Lesson 4: Majority Rule, Minority Rights
- What are the limits of majority rule, minority rights?
- Twentieth Principle: Efficiency and dispatch require government to operate according to the will of the majority, but constitutional provisions must be made to protect the rights of the ___________________.
Lesson 5: Political Leadership
- ***What are the three qualities the scriptures and prophets teach us to expect of all political leaders? Please define them.
- Describe the “short game” and “long game” in politics.
- Explain the meaning of “good, wise, and honest”.
- Third Principle: The most promising method of securing a virtuous and morally stable people is to elect ________________ leaders.
- What is the purpose of the oath of office?
- When a politician pledges their oath of office to uphold the Constitution, which version of the Constitution are they pledging to support?
- Why does a limited government require good, wise, and honest leaders?
Unit 4: The Founders’ Political Spectrum
Lesson 1: The Founders’ Spectrum of Political Power
- ***What are the differences between agency, or free will, and freedom?
- Describe the Founders’ political spectrum.
- Where would the Articles of Confederation fall on the Founders’ political spectrum?***
- Why is the political spectrum used by the Founding Fathers superior to today’s spectrum?
Lesson 2: Ruler’s Law, People’s Law, and No Law
- Eleventh Principle: The majority of the people may alter or abolish a government which has become _________________.
- Sixth Principle: All men are created _____________.
- Tenth Principle: The God given right to govern is vested in the sovereign authority of the ____________ people.
- What is popular sovereignty?
- What two peoples in history did the Founders say established this type of government?
Lesson 3: The Balanced Center & Liberty of the Soul
- What is the difference between freedom and liberty?
Lesson 4: Political Extremes
- Where did the Founding Fathers intend to place American government (the Constitution) on their new political spectrum?
Lesson 5: Types of Governments
- Describe each type of government: monarchy/dictatorship, oligarchy, democracy, republic.
- Describe the dangers and weaknesses of pure, direct democracy.
- Twelfth Principle: The United States of America shall be a _____________________.
- What is a republican form of government?
- Why is our government considered a democratic republic?
Unit 5: God’s Hand in the Building of America
Lesson 1: God’s Hand in the Building of America
Lesson 2: America as a Base of Liberty
Lesson 3: Coming to America
Unit 6: Our Original Constitutional Government
- What is the relationship between the Declaration of Independence and the US Constitution?
Lesson 1: Separation of Powers
- Describe the differences between the roles of the House and Senate.
- Describe the powers and responsibilities of the three branches of the federal government.
- Explain how representatives and senators in Congress were originally elected. Why is this important?
- Explain how some parts of our government were set up to incorporate the negative side of human nature.
- Explain how some parts of our government were set up to incorporate the positive side of human nature.
- Give examples of vertical and horizontal separation of powers.
- How has political power been distributed in the United States?
- How is our U.S. Constitution still relevant today?
- How is the Founder’s understanding of human nature manifest in the U.S. Constitution?
- In what ways is the American government based upon the concept of self-government?
- What are some responsibilities of government that are most effectively executed by state or local governments?
- What are some responsibilities of government that are most effectively executed by the federal government?
- Why is it so important to “keep solutions local”?
- Sixteenth Principle: The government should be separated into three branches: ________________, ___________________, and ______________________.
- Twenty First Principle: Strong __________ self government is the keystone to preserving human freedom.
Lesson 2: Checks and Balances
- How can the US Constitution be amended?
- What checks and balances exist in the US Constitution?
- Seventeenth Principle: A system of _____________ and _____________________ should be adopted to prevent the abuse of power.
Lesson 3: Other Principles of Successful Government
- Describe the “Religion of America”.
- What are the four economic freedoms that Adam Smith claimed are needed in order to successfully implement a free-market economy? Explain each.
- What is the role of religion in America?
- What surprised Alexis de Tocqueville about the different ways religion influenced politics in America compared to Europe?
- Fifteenth Principle: The highest level of prosperity occurs when there is a free market economy and a ___________________ of government regulations.
- Twenty Fourth Principle: A ________ people will not survive unless they stay strong.
- Twenty Seventh Principle: The burden of __________ is as destructive to freedom as subjugation by conquest.
- What are the four types of government intervention in the markets that have proven to be helpful to a free-market economy? Explain each.
- What were the 3 important subjects the Founding Fathers expected the schools to teach?
Unit 7: America’s Manifest Destiny
Lesson 1: Manifest Destiny & Millennial Government
- Twenty Fifth Principle: “Peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations _________________ alliances with none.”
- “Happily for America, happily we trust for the ____________ human race, they pursued a __________ and more _____________ course. They accomplished a revolution
- which has no parallel in the annals of human society. They reared the _______________ of governments which have no model on the face of the globe. They formed the
- design of a great Confederacy, which it is incumbent on their _____________________ to ______________ and ________________________.” (James Madison, The Federalist
- Papers, No. 14, pp. 104-105.)
- Twenty Eighth Principle: The United States has a _________________ _________________ to be an example and a blessing to the entire human race.
- What did the early colonists consider to be their American “manifest destiny”?
- What is the difference between the Founders’ foreign policy of separatism and isolationism?